Unleashing the potential of BIM: Analysis of interventions to overcome the barriers hindering the implementation of BIM within large
Last Updated: 10-2020
BIM has many advantages in collaboration. However, several barriers are experienced in implementation. How these barriers differ per actor is a topic that has been little studied. The same holds for BIM implementation guidelines on the intra-firm level. Significantly more studies have focused on inter-firm BIM use, while intra-firm BIM implementation is a requirement for inter-firm BIM implementation. The aim of this study is two-folded. First of all, it aims to find interventions that can help to overcome the barriers experienced in intra-organizational BIM implementation. The second aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness
of the interventions, in intra-organizational collaboration through BIM, using game theory. In order to find effective interventions, data were gathered in a large engineering firm. The study consists of five components. First of all, the BIM maturity level was determined based on the framework provided by (Siebelink, 2017). Thereafter, important actors were pinpointed for this subsector. Thirdly, barriers for each actor were clarified. These barriers were used to design interventions. Finally, these interventions were tested in a Game-theoretic model. The results showed that BIM specific users, technical and non-technical users are all important for the BIM process within engineering companies. With a BIM maturity level of two, managed, as defined by Siebelink (2017), the lack of BIM skills was found as a barrier for all earlier defined actors. Besides the latter barrier, non-technical users also agreed on the barriers lack of facilities and inefficiency of BIM. BIM specific users agreed on the barriers false BIM expectations, lack of facilities, mindset not in favor of BIM, and increased dependence on integrated cooperation. Finally, besides the barrier lack of BIM skills, the technical users agreed on the barriers uneven distribution of work and shortage of time. Four interventions were proposed, and all were found to be effective to stimulate BIM implementation. The intervention BIM feedback system was found to be most effective in overcoming barriers to BIM experienced by significant actors within large engineering companies.